AGRICULTURE

Report on Activities of Agriculture Department

There are four separate distinguishing wings under the department (Directorate) of Agriculture namely Extension, Soil, Evaluation & Research. Soil Wing of the department is headed by a Deputy Director of Agriculture (Soil & Water Management) in the district who is primarily responsible for Soil Survey, Soil & Water Conservation by means of several Scientific conservation measures like Construction of Jore Bandh, Excavation & Re-Excavation of Ponds etc., Soil profile study to help aware the suitability of crops to be grown etc. Evaluation wing of the department is responsible for Agril. Census, Estimation of cost of cultivation of different crops etc. Research Wing is responsible for release of different varieties of different crops suitable for West Bengal as well as for this districts, also solve different Farm related problems.

The Extension wing having the largest Human Resource under the department is headed by the Deputy Director of Agriculture (Administration) at the district level, under this office there are three Sub-divisional offices each of which is headed by Assistant Director of Agriculture (Administration) of the Sub-division. Under each Sub-division there are several blocks & each block is having one Assistant Director of Agriculture (Block). This wing have had to perform innumerable number of activities which are outlined below :-

1] Dissemination of Improved Technology through direct farmer contact system by the department.
a) Introduction of improved varieties of different crops.
b) Ensure application of balanced fertilizer on soil test report basis and prescribe optimum fertilizer dose in absence of Soil test report.
c) Application of Micronutrient on need base to achieve potential productivity.
d) Introduction of Modern Agricultural Implements like Tractor, Power Tiller, Rotavator, Weeder, Reaper, Combined Harvester, Paddy Thresher, Potato Grooler, Laser, Leveler etc.
e) Introduction of Improved Plant Protection measures like (i) Introduction of Integrated Pest Management,
(ii) Use of Low Toxic high efficiency Low Dose Pesticides,
(iii) Use of Bio & Botanical Pesticides, which not only decreases the environmental pollution to a large extent but reduces the
cost of cultivation also significantly.
f) Introduction of Organic Farming and create awareness among the farmers regarding usefulness of organic food product and its increasing demand in National and International market which may provide the opportunity for economic development of the farmers. Introduction of Bio-Village scheme is playing a vital role in this regard. Organic Manures and use of Bio-Fertilizers are being duly emphasized under this scheme and also in various farmers training meetings.
g) There are Farmers Training programmes in almost all the schemes run by this department. Organization of farmers training is a year round affair in all the blocks. Capacity building of farmers are done in batches (40 to 50 farmers/batch in general). Block level, Sub-division level and District level officers are involved in capacity building and capacity updating of the farmers. This is a very important technology dissemination tool of the department.

2] Introduction of Crop Diversification in the Crop sequences like (a) Introduction of Maize in Kharif Crops in upland area which remain practically fallow otherwise. This crop has such a potentiality which can single handedly address the economic upliftment of farmers, (b) Introduction of Sunflower as Oil Seed crop after Aman Paddy. The effort of further area expansion is going on with installation of solvent extraction plant under R.K.V.Y., (c) Endeavour of Area expansion of pulses is going on with installation of Dal Mill in different location of the district for pulse processing, (d) Considering the high cost of scented Rice the possibility of area expansion of Gobinda Bhog variety of Rice which is traditionally wel adopted in this district like Tulaipanji of Dinajpur, Radhunipagal of Malda is taken care of for harnessing the scope of easy marketability and high price of the crop.

3] Introduction of newly developed System of Crop cultivation of a particular crop like (a) Introduction of System of Rice Intensification (S.R.I.) in Paddy cultivation. The traditional average yield of rice has been stagnated at 4.5 MT/ha. for a long time despite higher application of different inputs. To overcome this bottleneck S.R.I. method of Rice cultivation is being introduced which is giving 30% more return so for as productivity of paddy is concerned. Within four year the area under S.R.I. has been elevated from Zero to 3000 ha., (b) Line sowing in different crops has been Sincerely introduced for better crop management and higher yield.

4] Scientific method of Farm Yard Manure/Compost Production has been introduced and being popularized among the farmers. Farmers are being helped with monetary help as per provisions under different schemes.

5] Scientific designing of Pit for production of Vermi-compost is another good Endeavour by the department. The entrepreneurs are getting monetary as well as technical help from this department and production of Vermi-compost is increasing day by day and department is working as facilitator.

6] Conduction of Demonstration Centers of different Crops like Paddy, Wheat, Pulses and Oil Seeds under different scheme are going on. Almost all the inputs of the D.C. Area varring from 10 ha. to 250 ha. in a contiguous area for having good farmers impact with the provision of organizing farmers study tour. All types of scientific interventions are undertaken in the demonstration area resulting higher yield than the area of common farmers practice. This is inspiring farmers regarding adoption of
improved and scientific interventions in the field.

7] Awareness regarding problem soil reclamation is a major step by this department. The soil of this district is mostly acidic resulting in low fertilizer response. The acidity is reclaimed with the application of lime. In most of the cases farmers buy lime/basic slag/slag lime and apply in field as per recommendation of the expert of this department and sometime this department supply lime to the selected beneficiaries from different scheme for reclamation of problem soil.

8] The department help farmers for collection of soil sample from field by the field level workers and get it tested from the designated laboratory (there is one such laboratory in Bankura itself) and issue the soil health card to the farmers with proper recommendation.

9] The Agro Climatic condition of the district has a vast scope of seed production of different crops. So, this department promote awareness among the farmers regarding the scope of seed production and entrepreneurship development through Seed Village programme the seed certification wing of this department promote quality seed production by the entrepreneurs through seed certification procedure.

10] The Block level, Sub-division level and District level officers of this department plays the role of Fertilizer, Pesticide & Seed Inspector in their respective jurisdiction. They monitor uniform supply throughout the district and ensure quality supply of all those inputs by drawing samples of them and get it tested from the designated laboratories and taking penal action against the perpetrators as per rule.

11] As a Convener Secretary of Krishi Sech-o-Samabay Sthayee Samiti the block level Assistant Director of Agriculture (s) and district level Deputy Director of Agriculture (Administration) are answerable to the Sthayee Samity which helps developing a very good co-ordination in between the administration and democratic organization leading to logical and speedy development in the Agricultural sector.

12] The Block level, Sub-division level, and District level officers work in close liaison with their respective administrative structure and help in every respect as statuary and asked for in different works in providing staff in different Census, Elections & Survey etc.

13] The department plays crucial role in preventing the illegal Poppy cultivation and thus curving the use of narcotics under the leadership of district administration.

14] This department’s role is not less important at the time of natural calamity like Draught, Flood etc. A major role is being played in loss assessment so far as gricultural sector is concerned. The affected areas are also detected for having quick remedial measures. The relief material whatever is available as reconstruction measures are arranged to be sent to the affected farmers in a quickest possible promptness. Assessment of crop loss and necessary remedial measures are prescribed by the department to the Govt. On receipt of relief materials, the department helps to distribute those as per norms laid out.

15] Working capital is a major constrain to the farmers. This department plays a vital role for arranging and sponsoring Kisan Credit Cards and other Crop Loan cases to the service banks.

16] Crop forecast and crop prospect is one of the important works of this department and on the basis of this report the strategic plans are being formulated.

Yield estimation of all the crops are being done by the department and on the basis of this report the total production of a crop is estimated and the farmers get their insurance claim. As well as help the Govt. to fix their Ex-IM strategy.

18] Thousands of farmers including Agricultural Labours in each of the three Sub-divisions are being provided with Farmers Old Age Pension @` 750/- (Rupees Seven Hundred Fifty) only per month.

19] Innumerable numbers of farmers approaches to the Agricultural offices at different levels for getting merely advice regarding selection of varieties of Crops, Fertilizer Application & Pest Management. Besides several others take advices over telephone.

Following schemes are going on in the district for the betterment of the farming Community :-

SL. No. Name of Scheme Total Planed Outlay (Rs. In Lakh) Fund Received during Year (Rs. In Lakh) Remarks

All the above noted schemes are being executed by the department as per Govt. circulated Guidelines.
Sd/- A.N. Hazra
Deputy Director of Agriculture
(Administration), Bankura

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